Thursday, May 21, 2020
Born November 13, 1814, at Hadley, MA, Joseph Hooker was the son of local store owner Joseph Hooker and Mary Seymour Hooker. Raised locally, his family came from old New England stock and his grandfather had served as a captain during the American Revolution. After receiving his early education at Hopkins Academy, he decided to pursue a military career. With the assistance of his mother and his teacher, Hooker was able to gain the attention of Representative George Grennell who provided an appointment to the United State Military Academy. Arriving at West Point in 1833, Hookers classmates included Braxton Bragg, Jubal A. Early, John Sedgwick, and John C. Pemberton. Advancing through the curriculum, he proved an average student and graduated four years later ranked 29th in a class of 50. Commissioned as a second lieutenant in the 1st US Artillery, he was sent to Florida to fight in the Second Seminole War. While there, the regiment took part in several minor engagements and had to endure challenges from the climate and environment. Mexico With the beginning of the Mexican-American War in 1846, Hooker was assigned to the staff of Brigadier General Zachary Taylor. Taking part in the invasion of northeast Mexico, he received a brevet promotion to captain for his performance at the Battle of Monterrey. Transferred to the army of Major General Winfield Scott, he took part in the siege of Veracruz and the campaign against Mexico City. Again serving as a staff officer, he consistently displayed coolness under fire. In the course of the advance, he received additional brevet promotions to major and lieutenant colonel. A handsome young officer, Hooker began to develop a reputation as a ladies man while in Mexico and was often referred to as the Handsome Captain by the locals. Between the Wars In the months after the war, Hooker had a falling out with Scott. This was the result of Hooker supporting Major General Gideon Pillow against Scott at the formers court-martial. The case saw Pillow accused of insubordination following refusal to revise exaggerated after-action reports and then sending letters to the New Orleans Delta. As Scott was the US Armys senior general, Hookers actions had long-term negative consequences for his career and he left the service in 1853. Settling in Sonoma, CA, he began working as a developer and farmer. Overseeing 550-acre farm, Hooker grew cordwood with limited success. Increasingly unhappy with these pursuits, Hooker turned to drinking and gambling. He also tried his hand at politics but was defeated in an attempt to run for the state legislature. Tired of civilian life, Hooker applied to Secretary of War John B. Floyd in 1858 and asked to be reinstated as a lieutenant colonel. This request was denied and his military activities were limited to a colonelcy in the California militia. An outlet for his military aspirations, he oversaw its first encampment in Yuba County. The Civil War Begins With the outbreak of the Civil War, Hooker found himself lacking the money to travel east. Staked by a friend, he made the trip and immediately offered his services to the Union. His initial efforts were rebuffed and he was forced to watch the First Battle of Bull Run as a spectator. In the wake of the defeat, he wrote an impassioned letter to President Abraham Lincoln and was appointed as a brigadier general of volunteers in August 1861. Quickly moving from brigade to division command, he aided Major General George B. McClellan in organizing the new Army of the Potomac. With the beginning of the Peninsula Campaign in early 1862, he commanded the 2nd Division, III Corps. Advancing up the Peninsula, Hookers division took part in the Siege of Yorktown in April and May. During the siege, he earned a reputation for looking after his men and seeing to their welfare. Performing well at the Battle of Williamsburg on May 5, Hooker was promoted to major general effective that date though he felt slighted by his superiors after action report.Ã Fighting Joe It was during his time on the Peninsula that Hooker earned the nickname Fighting Joe. Disliked by Hooker who thought it made him sound like a common bandit, the name was the result of a typographical error in a Northern newspaper. Despite the Union reverses during the Seven Days Battles in June and July, Hooker continued shine on the battlefield. Transferred north to Major General John Popes Army of Virginia, his men took part in the Union defeat at Second Manassas in late August. On September 6, he was given command of III Corps, which was redesignated I Corps six days later. As General Robert E. Lees Army of Northern Virginia moved north into Maryland, it was pursued by Union troops under McClellan. Hooker first led his corps in battle on September 14 when it fought well at South Mountain. Three days later, his men opened the fighting at the Battle of Antietam and engaged Confederate troops under Major General Thomas Stonewall Jackson. In the course of the fighting, Hooker was wounded in the foot and had to be taken from the field. Recovering from his wound, he returned to the army to find that Major General Ambrose Burnside had replaced McClellan. Given command of a Grand Division consisting of III and V Corps, his men took heavy losses that December at the Battle of Fredericksburg. Long a vocal critic of his superiors, Hooker relentlessly attacked Burnside in the press and in the wake of the latters failed Mud March in January 1863 these intensified. Though Burnside intended to remove his adversary, he was prevented from doing so when he himself was relieved by Lincoln on January 26. In Command To replace Burnside, Lincoln turned to Hooker due to his reputation for aggressive fighting and chose to overlook the generals history of outspokenness and hard living. Assuming command of the Army of the Potomac, Hooker worked tirelessly to improve the conditions for his men and improve morale. These were largely successful and he was well-liked by his soldiers. Hookers plan for the spring called for a large-scale cavalry raid to disrupt the Confederate supply lines while he took the army on a sweeping flanking march to strike Lees position at Fredericksburg in the rear. While the cavalry raid was largely a failure, Hooker succeeded in surprising Lee and gained an early advantage in the Battle of Chancellorsville. Though successful, Hooker began to lose his nerve as the battle continued and assumed an increasingly defensive posture. Taken in the flank by an audacious attack by Jackson on May 2, Hooker was forced back. The next day, at the height of the fighting, he was injured when the pillar he was leaning against was struck by a cannonball. Initially knocked unconscious, he was incapacitated most of the day but refused to cede command. Recovering, he was compelled to retreat back across the Rappahannock River. Having defeated Hooker, Lee began moving north to invade Pennsylvania. Directed to screen Washington and Baltimore, Hooker followed though he first suggested a strike on Richmond. Moving north, he got into a dispute over defensive arrangements at Harpers Ferry with Washington and impulsively offered his resignation in protest. Having increasingly lost confidence in Hooker, Lincoln accepted and appointed Major General George G. Meade to replace him. Meade would lead the army to victory at Gettysburg a few days later. Goes West In the wake of Gettysburg, Hooker was transferred west to the Army of the Cumberland along with the XI and XII Corps. Serving under Major General Ulysses S. Grant, he quickly regained his reputation as an effective commander at the Battle of Chattanooga. During these operations, his men won the Battle of Lookout Mountain on November 23 and took part in the larger fighting two days later. In April 1864, XI and XII Corps were consolidated into XX Corps under Hookers command. Serving in the Army of the Cumberland, XX Corps performed well during Major General William T. Shermans drive against Atlanta. On July 22, the commander of the Army of the Tennessee, Major General James McPherson, was killed at the Battle of Atlanta and replaced by Major General Oliver O. Howard. This incensed Hooker as he was senior and blamed Howard for the defeat at Chancellorsville. Appeals to Sherman were in vain and Hooker asked to be relieved. Departing Georgia, he was given command of the Northern Department for the remainder of the war. Later Life Following the war, Hooker remained in the army. He retired in 1868 as a major general after suffering a stroke that left him partially paralyzed. After spending much of his retired life around New York City, he died on October 31, 1879, while visiting Garden City, NY. He was buried at Spring Grove Cemetery in his wifes, Olivia Groesbeck, hometown of Cincinnati, OH. Though known for his hard drinking and wild lifestyle, the magnitude of Hookers personal escapades is a subject of much debate among his biographers.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
INTRODUCTION: Ã¢â¬Å"PROTECT AND SERVEÃ¢â¬ is the slogan for most if not all police agencies across this country. When determining the most effective route to use when making a decision on the police response when they are needed the most, the policeÃ¢â¬â¢s dispatch unit of officers have that important option in the conduct of their job. Examining whether or not to respond or to what call to respond to should not be determined by the location of the call for service, nor by the local governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s administrative officials. There are many ways that the police, fire, EMT, services are utilized for non-emergency calls when those calls should be prioritized in order to not have a unit available ready for the emergency call. Some of the inbound calls areÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Domestic disturbance, loitering, traffic lights not working properly are some of the non-violent calls, aggravated assault, assault, robbery, shots fired and murder are some of the violent type of calls the police answers. While calls for service are predominantly non-violent in nature and often non-emergency, the police spend most of their working hours directing traffic or maybe being a referee in a domestic situation and very little with emergency violent calls for service. Ã¢â¬Å"Violent crimes, the problem most feared by the average citizen, engendered only 2 percent of citizen calls to policeÃ¢â¬ (Antunes, 1981). There are ways ensure that most all calls for service will get the attention that it deserves at the most appropriate time in a timely manner. The protocols that are in place to navigate away from not having an officer available when needed, are now in place and only can be utilized by the departments dispatch unit. Deciphering which call need an immediate response, or that a delay in response can be applied (due to other emergency situation in progress) or that a non-response with a phone interview can be sufficient in the situation. The police departments are predominantly a reactionary organization, we cannot respond until we get a call alerting the police that a crime has taken place and their assistance is needed. Citizens reporting crimes can also effect the response time from the police. Going on the premise of the fasterShow MoreRelatedPolice Misconduct And The Shooting Death Of Michael Brown861 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesover the past two years by a number of events involving the police and their interactions with people of color, and minority communities. 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In order to deter such horrid consequences, social service agencies and criminal justice system shouldRead MoreCrime Analysis Essay924 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesanalysis is a law enforcement function that involves systematic analysis for identifying and analyzing patterns and trends in crime and disorderÃ¢â¬ (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crime analysis).The information on these patterns can assist law enforcement agencies in the deployment of resources in a more effective manner; it can also help detectives to identify and catch suspects. Crime analysis also plays a role in improvising solutions to crime problems, and developing crime prevention strategies. ThereRead MoreRoles Of Policing Executives Using The Mintzberg Model Of Chief Executive Officers1572 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhen it comes to the Department of Justice, there are four agencies and each have major functions within them that hold great responsibility. The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) and the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) have purposes and various weaknesses in relations to one another. There are major roles of policing executives using the Mintzberg model of chief executive officers. There are certain keys that are important toward a chief executive officerÃ¢â¬â¢s success. There are two legislativeRead MorePolice Department And The Department s Records Management System909 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Brownwood (Texas) Police Department must show efficiency in the ability to collect, examine, and compare a significant amount of information in order to understand crime issues that affect our community. The department must consistently evaluate and measure the success of our intelligence-led policing capabilities and strategies. Currently the department relies heavily on analyzing the monthly statistics that are submitted to the Uniform Crime Report (UCR), along with monthly intelligence meetings
Wuthering Heights Essay Rewrite: Within the novel Wuthering Heights, written by Emily Bronte, readers are confronted with many complex relationships. At times it is hard to understand these due to the range of relationships that occur, from interactions of hatred to relationships that show true passion. One such complex relationship is between Hareton Earnshaw and Catherine. We will write a custom essay sample on Complex Relationships in Emily BronteÃ¢â¬â¢s Wuthering Heights or any similar topic only for you Order Now As the novel progresses, we see love develop between these two characters that is best explained by how they are brought together, the problems that their relationship poses and how this relationship affects the other characters in the novel and the plot of the novel itself. The first way to understand this relationship is to examine how these two characters are brought together. In the novel, there is a real sense that fate has a lot to do with the union between the lovers, as Catherine and Hareton are reunited at the symbolic Penistone Crags. Catherine has a burning desire to go to the crags, the symbol of maturity, natural erotic desire and wild temptation. She asks Nelly and her father Ã¢â¬Å"Now, am I old enough to go to Penistone Crags? Ã¢â¬ (Bronte 147) As Catherine reaches teenage years, she desires to travel outside of Thrushcross Grange and ascend the large Penistone Crags, which are close to Wuthering Heights and Hareton. Catherine and Hareton spend the whole day near the Crags until Nelly fetches them. Bronte then describes the interaction between Hareton and Catherine as joyful, describing that Ã¢â¬Å"Her hat was hung against the wall, and she seemed perfectly at home laughing and chattering, in best spirits imaginable, to Hareton, now a great, strong lad of eighteen, who stared at her with considerable curiosity and astonishmentÃ¢â¬ ( Bronte 149). This quote shows how there is an underlying connection between them; Hareton and Catherine begin to show similar characteristics in their relationship that Heathcliff and Cathy had in theirs, and this foreshadows how the relationship will end up. The next interaction between the two is one day when Catherine meets Hareton and Heathcliff while on a stroll; Heathcliff makes it clear that Hareton is not his son. It is then insisted that she must come to Wuthering Heights to meet his son who she has met before, Linton. As Hareton and Catherine run off to play, Linton stays in seclusion as he is feeble and weak. The notion of Catherine running away with Hareton shows her natural tendencies and attraction for Hareton, because he allows her to be free and expressive. Ultimately, the two characters seem to be brought together by fate. In order for Hareton and Catherine to come together, they have to overcome many obstacles. The first problem that they run into is after Catherine is enlightened to the fact that Hareton is her cousin, she is disgusted by him. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ she stopped and wept outright; upset at the bare notion of relationship with such a clownÃ¢â¬ (Bronte 152). This quote describes how Catherine thinks of Hareton as a peasant or a servant and this devastates Hareton. The next problem that their relationship has is that Catherine is being forcibly courted by Linton, at the hand of his father. Heathcliff will do anything in order to fulfill his revenge, and thus will do anything to push the marriage between Catherine and Linton. An example of this is when Heathcliff literally kidnaps Catherine and refuses to let her leave Wuthering Heights until she agrees to marry Linton. It is obvious that Heathcliff is a major problem, preventing the love between Catherine and Hareton from materializing. Catherine realizes that Linton is vastly more educated than Hareton and that she can live a more refined lifestyle with Linton. Linton causes Hareton to feel great shame about his social and educational standing. A prime example of this is when Hareton and Catherine have run off, and Linton finds them standing below the inscription carved above the door. As Ã¢â¬Å"Hareton scared up, and scratched his head like a true clown. Ã¢â¬ËItÃ¢â¬â¢s some damnable writing,Ã¢â¬â¢ he answered. Ã¢â¬ËI cannot read itÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (Bronte 169). And almost immediately Linton takes the opportunity to degrade him in front of Catherine, laughing at him and calling him a Ã¢â¬Å"colossal dunceÃ¢â¬ (Bronte 170). This is the moment where Catherine seems to push away from Hareton, and lean towards Linton. Also not helping the situation is the declining health of Linton, as this draws Catherine more emotionally towards Linton and it completely devastates her. Bronte expresses through Nelly that Ã¢â¬Å"I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t bear to witness her sorrow, to see her pale, dejected countenance, and heavy eyesÃ¢â¬ (Bronte 181). All the while, Hareton is barely mentioned, and later revealed that he has been teaching himself to read and write his own name, in an attempt to impress Catherine. As Hareton correctly identifies his name, he still cannot read the numbers, which causes Catherine to Ã¢â¬Å"laugh heartily at his failureÃ¢â¬ and triggers the hot headed Hareton to Ã¢â¬Å"skull offÃ¢â¬ (Bronte 191). They are falling for each other, but there is a constant bickering between them due to HaretonÃ¢â¬â¢s lack of educationÃ¢â¬âas he is not as accomplished as Linton. The deep burning desire to be together seems to be blocked by any and every character and event in the novel, yet the connection between Hareton and Catherine is easy to see. The final way to understand this relationship is to understand how it affects the characters in the play and how it drives the plot forward. Throughout the novel there had always been a sense that the relationship between Cathy and Heathcliff never died. And this relationship is kept alive by Hareton and Catherine. Whenever Heathcliff looks are Hareton, he sees Cathy, and it drives him insane, and this is a problem because HeathcliffÃ¢â¬â¢s motivation in life was to get revenge on the Linton family. This revenge is what propelled the novel forward, and when Heathcliff sees that Hareton and Catherine are happy, things within him click and he no longer desires to fulfill his plans. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦his society is no benefit, rather an aggravation of the constant torment that I suffer and it partly contributes to render me regardless how he and his cousin go together. I can give them no attention, anymoreÃ¢â¬ (Bronte 248). This quote shows how Heathcliff no longer wants to give attention to his plans of revenge, because Hareton and Catherine are happy. This helps understand their relationship because even though Heathcliff was the mastermind behind everything, they were still able to find love and be happy, something that Heathcliff was never able to do with Cathy. It is as though the relationship was destined to happen, to fulfill not only the lives of Hareton and Catherine, but the souls of Heathcliff and Cathy. Even though the relationship between Hareton and Cathy was hard to understand, an explanation for their love can be made by examining the interactions them and characters in the novel and the overall plot of the story. This relationship served as an the final chapter to a cycle of revenge that Heathcliff started by showing him that even under pressure love can prevail. The complex relationship between Hareton and Catherine ultimately expelled the tension between the two estates and rid Heathcliff of his vengeful plots. Overall, this relationship was exemplified by how fate dictated their love, their interactions and their representation for a love of a previous generation. How to cite Complex Relationships in Emily BronteÃ¢â¬â¢s Wuthering Heights, Essay examples
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Good morning Mr Johnston, teachers and students. My name is Braydon Pilbeam, and today I will be talking to you about why I want to be the school captain of Soldiers Settlement in 2013.I think an important part of being a school captain and a role model is following the three most important values of our school, LEARNING, RESPECT and RESPONSIBILITY.I am a proud student of Soldiers Settlement for many reasons, one of the main ones is our fantastic teachers and principal who not only make learning fun and exciting but also help to organise special things for us like the NRL stats program, laptops in classrooms, swim schemes, gifted and talented programs and so much more. Id like to stand up here and say I have all these great ideas like installing windmill to make it ore eco friendly or energy efficient, or to say that we suold no longer have to wear a uniform and dohomework, but unfortunately I cant. We will write a custom essay sample on School Captain Speech or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Thats not to say I dont have some good ideas. For example, we could have a healthy recess day once a month to encourage everyone to bring in fruit, or a spare hat donation that would mean if you do forget your hat you could still play outside with your friends and lunch and recess. Id also be happy to listen to any students probelms or ideas you have that could be talked about at the school council meetings.I would like to get the school involved in some community things like the South Maroubra Fun Run because I know that people from other schools have entered as a eam before and I think would all have fun.We could do some different types of fundraising as well. Ehy not another crazy hair day? Or maybe a mini farmers market, selling the things that we grow in our vegie patches at school, or even a disco. The money raised could go towards the new grass, schol supplies, new sports equipment or even Mr Johnstons lunch. (Just a joke)All in all Id like to be your school captain because I would be proud to represent such a great school, as well as the teachers and students in it. Because by being respectful and responsible for our own learning we can all STRIVE TO ACHIVE.Thank you for listening.
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
The first few chapters that were assigned for Monday painted a picture of an Indian society that has been influenced by a white majority in a negative way. Like the Bedouins Stories book, Oglala Women shows the change from tradition to modernization. The colonization of the west has ruined tradition in the Oglala culture, not to mention every other Indian culture in the US. This cannot be changed, this is forever. Reservation life is the major factor for corrupting the Lakota and Oglalas. When the whites forced Indians to live on reservations such as Pine Ridge, their lifestyles changed completely. I believe this is one of the biggest reasons why tradition is no longer prevalent in many Indian tribes today. Living on a reservation is like living in another country within a country. The Indians are forced to live by our government, but at the same time live off their own government. PowersÃ¢â¬â¢ description of Ã¢â¬Å"the compoundÃ¢â¬ was eerie to me. First off describing a community as a compound is just wrong. It makes it sound like Waco or another cult complex. Christianity on reservation really pisses me off also. Why does the BIA or tribal councils take steps forward to get rid of these American ideals? I can go on and keep talking about this, but everyone knows the US screwed when they began relocating the Indian. What our government should do now is help these tribes get th eir tradition back. The last or second to last chapter on gender roles really illustrates the unique role change that is going on with the Lakota and Oglala. This is a big deal because for the first time women in these Indian cultures are becoming professionals and leaders. This is contrary to how the Indians were back in the day. Modernization is a tricky subject to debate. In one way it is good for the Oglala Women to achieve higher standards, but in a way they are losing all they once were.... Free Essays on Oglala Free Essays on Oglala The first few chapters that were assigned for Monday painted a picture of an Indian society that has been influenced by a white majority in a negative way. Like the Bedouins Stories book, Oglala Women shows the change from tradition to modernization. The colonization of the west has ruined tradition in the Oglala culture, not to mention every other Indian culture in the US. This cannot be changed, this is forever. Reservation life is the major factor for corrupting the Lakota and Oglalas. When the whites forced Indians to live on reservations such as Pine Ridge, their lifestyles changed completely. I believe this is one of the biggest reasons why tradition is no longer prevalent in many Indian tribes today. Living on a reservation is like living in another country within a country. The Indians are forced to live by our government, but at the same time live off their own government. PowersÃ¢â¬â¢ description of Ã¢â¬Å"the compoundÃ¢â¬ was eerie to me. First off describing a community as a compound is just wrong. It makes it sound like Waco or another cult complex. Christianity on reservation really pisses me off also. Why does the BIA or tribal councils take steps forward to get rid of these American ideals? I can go on and keep talking about this, but everyone knows the US screwed when they began relocating the Indian. What our government should do now is help these tribes get th eir tradition back. The last or second to last chapter on gender roles really illustrates the unique role change that is going on with the Lakota and Oglala. This is a big deal because for the first time women in these Indian cultures are becoming professionals and leaders. This is contrary to how the Indians were back in the day. Modernization is a tricky subject to debate. In one way it is good for the Oglala Women to achieve higher standards, but in a way they are losing all they once were....
Monday, March 2, 2020
Eastern Coral Snake Facts The eastern coral snake (Micrurus fulvius) is a highly venomous snake found in the southeastern United States. Eastern coral snakes are brightly colored with rings of red, black, and yellow scales. Folk rhymes to remember the difference between the coral snake and the nonvenomous king snake (LampropeltisÃ sp.) include red on yellow kills a fellow, red on black venom lack and red touching black, friend of Jack; red touching yellow, youre a dead fellow. However, these mnemonics are unreliable because of differences between individual snakes and because other species of coral snakes do have adjoining red and black bands. Fast Facts: Eastern Coral Snake Scientific Name: Micrurus fulviusCommon Names: Eastern coral snake, common coral snake, American cobra, harlequin coral snake, thunder-and-lightning snakeBasic Animal Group: ReptileSize: 18-30 inchesLifespan: 7 yearsDiet: CarnivoreHabitat: Southeastern United StatesPopulation: 100,000Conservation Status: Least Concern Description Coral snakes are related to cobras, sea snakes, and mambas (family Elapidae). Like these snakes, they have round pupils and lack heat-sensing pits. Coral snakes have small, fixed fangs. The eastern coral snake is medium-sized and slender, generally ranging between 18 and 30 inches in length. The longest reported specimen was 48 inches. Mature females are longer than males, but males have longer tails. The snakes have smooth dorsal scales in a colored ring pattern of wide red and black rings separated by narrow yellow rings. Eastern coral snakes always have black heads. The narrow heads are nearly indistinguishable from the tails. Habitat and Distribution The eastern coral snake lives in the United States from coastal North Carolina to the tip of Florida and west into eastern Louisiana. The snakes prefer the coastal plains, but also inhabit wooded areas further inland that are subject to seasonal flooding. A few snakes have been documented as far north as Kentucky. Also, there is controversy regarding whether the Texas coral snake (which extends into Mexico) is the same species as the eastern coral snake. Coral snake species and range in the United States. HowardMorland, public domain Diet and Behavior Eastern coral snakes are carnivores that prey upon frogs, lizards, and snakes (including other coral snakes). The snakes spend most of their time underground, usually venturing out to hunt in the cooler dawn and dusk hours. When a coral snake is threatened, it elevates and curls the tip of its tail and may fart, releasing gas from its cloaca to startle potential predators. The species is not aggressive. Reproduction and Offspring Because the species is so secretive, relatively little is known about coral snake reproduction. Eastern coral snake females lay between 3 and 12 eggs in June that hatch in September. The young range from 7 to 9 inches at birth and are venomous. The life expectancy of wild coral snakes is unknown, but the animal lives about 7 years in captivity. Conservation Status The IUCN classifies eastern coral snake conservation status as least concern. A 2004 survey estimated the adult population at 100,000 snakes. Researchers believe the population is stable or perhaps slowly declining. Threats include motor vehicles, habitat loss and degradation from residential and commercial development, and issues with invasive species. For example, coral snake numbers declined in Alabama when the fire ant was introduced and preyed upon eggs and young snakes. Venom and Bites The Mexican kingsnake is a nonvenomous snake that resembles the eastern coral snake. Paul Starosta, Getty Images Coral snake venom is a potent neurotoxin. A single snake has enough venom to kill five adults, but the snake cannot deliver all of its venom at once plus envenomation only occurs in about 40% of bites. Even then, bites and fatalities are extremely rare. The most common cause of snakebite comes from mistaking a coral snake for a similarly-colored nonvenomous snake. Only one death has been reported since the antivenin became available in the 1960s (in 2006, confirmed in 2009). Since then, coral snake antivenin production has been discontinued due to lack of profitability. An eastern coral snake bite may be painless. Symptoms develop between 2 and 13 hours after the bite and include progressive weakness, facial nerve palsy, and respiratory failure. Since antivenin is no longer available, treatment consists of respiratory support, wound care, and antibiotic administration to prevent infection. Pets are more likely than humans to get bitten by coral snakes. They often survive if given prompt veterinary care. Sources Campbell, Jonathan A.; Lamar, William W. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere. Ithaca and London: Comstock Publishing Associates (2004). ISBN 0-8014-4141-2.Davidson, Terence M. and Jessica Eisner. United States Coral Snakes. Wilderness and Environmental Medicine, 1,38-45 (1996).Derene, Glenn. Why Snakebites Are About to Get a Lot More Deadly. Popular Mechanics (May 10, 2010).Hammerson, G.A. Micrurus fulvius. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2007: e.T64025A12737582. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2007.RLTS.T64025A12737582.enNorris, Robert L.; Pfalzgraf, Robert R.; Laing, Gavin. Death following coral snake bite in the United States Ã¢â¬â First documented case (with ELISA confirmation of envenomation) in over 40 years. Toxicon. 53 (6): 693Ã¢â¬â697 (March 2009). doi:10.1016/j.toxicon.2009.01.032
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Rewrite the - Essay Example The Museum of Fine Arts in Boston is one of the most renowned museums in the U.S and the world in terms and it is home to many timeless masterpieces, which preserve generationÃ¢â¬â¢s worth of history. My visit to this museum captured my interest especially in relation to the arguments of Walker Percy in his text, The Loss of The Creature. WalkerÃ¢â¬â¢s text inspires me in relation to the presented arguments about human behavior and social interaction with; He demonstrates that, when one contemplates objects in a natural environment they are likely to appreciate and benefit more. He uses the analogy of a boy cutting up a dogfish he found on the beach with a knife whom he argues, has greater advantage over Ã¢â¬Å"pupil who finds the dogfish on his laboratory deskÃ¢â¬ (Percy 2). The museum is a close attempt at recreating a natural environment and this make the visits there comparatively adventurous and romantic therefore, they can easily relate to WalkerÃ¢â¬â¢s subject matter in the text. The museum was rich in history, and I wanted to apply the different perspectives outlined in the text in order to assess their credibility. The collections in the museum were overwhelming and amazing such that at some point, I had to stop paying attention to the textÃ¢â¬â¢s argument in order to experience the true nature of e very single item housed in the museum. The aspect of reality was partially ignored by the humans highlighted in WalkerÃ¢â¬â¢s text (Bartholomae and Petrosky 436). Being aware of this factor and basing this story on the text, I can undoubtedly admit that I experienced every bit of reality in the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. Fine art collections in the museum date back to several centuries ago, and these artifacts remain informative of prehistoric and historic periods. On the same note, over-the-years artifacts have been availed to the museum for display to the visitors.